Lindlar, Germany

The most famous plant fossils found at Lindlar, Germany, belong to the Calamophyton, a genus of extinct pseudosporochnalean plants that lived during the Middle Devonian period (around 390 to 380 million years ago). These fossils are exceptionally well-preserved, showcasing complete specimens including roots, trunk bases, trunks, trunk apices, and even attached branches, providing valuable insights into the anatomy and growth patterns of these early land plants.

The Calamophyton from Lindlar were tree-sized, reaching up to 2 meters in height and 10 cm in diameter. Their trunks were slender and unbranched in the lower part, with branches emerging only in the upper portion. The branches themselves were divided into finger-like structures, giving them a distinctive appearance.

These fossils have been crucial for scientists in understanding the evolution of early land plants and the development of complex vascular systems. The Calamophyton fossils from Lindlar represent some of the best-preserved examples of these early trees, offering a unique window into the ancient plant life of our planet.