BIOMES


CUATERNARY

Diverse environments including grasslands, savannas, and cold steppes, inhabited by megafauna mammals like mammoths, saber-toothed cats, and giant ground sloths.

Copaceni beds, Romania (Pleistocene)

CRETACEOUS

One of the iconic age of dinosaurs, with towering conifers, cycads, and ferns forming vast forests and diverse dinosaur species

Hateg Island, Romania
(Maastrichtian)

CARBONIFEROUS

Lush swamp forests dominated by giant lycopsids (primitive trees) and ferns, teeming with diverse insect life like the giant dragonfly, meganeura, and early amphibians.

Mazon Creek, North America
(Moscovian)

DEVONIAN

The Devonian is often referred to as the “Age of Fishes” due to the diversification of jawed and jawless fish species. However, the period also saw the rise of the first land plants, primitive insects, and the early tetrapods – ancestors of amphibians, reptiles, and eventually mammals.

  • Famennian
Red Hill, USA
(Famennian)
North american shalow sea
(Famennian)
  • Frasnian
Spitsbergen, Svalbalrd
(Frasnian)
Miguasha, Canada
(Frasnian)
  • Givetian
Seven Stars, USA
(Givetian)
Gilboa, New York, USA (L.Giventian – E.Frasnian)
  • Eiflian
Lindlar, Germany
(M.Eifelian)
Goe, Belgium
(L.Eiphelian-E. Givetian)
  • Emsian
Hunsrück Slate, Germany
(Emsian)
  • Pragian
Rhynie chert, Scotland
(Pragian)
Yunan. China
(Pragian)
  • Lochkovian
Old Red Sandstone sea, UK
(Lochkovian)
Old Red Sandstone land, UK
(Lochkovian)

CAMBRIAN

This period is famous for the Cambrian Explosion, a relatively short period where most of the major animal body plans we see today first appeared in the fossil record.


EDIACARAN

The Ediacaran biota is unlike anything seen today. It’s dominated by soft-bodied organisms with strange and diverse shapes, often classified as the Ediacaran fauna. While the origins and relationships of these creatures are debated, they represent some of the earliest complex life forms on Earth.

Charnwood forest, UK
Flinders Ranges, Australia
Newfoundland, Canada
China
White sea, Russia
Namibia

Planned reconstructions

Triassic coastline

Permian